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environmental impact of pgm mining in South Africa

The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining

01-04-2010  At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ∼88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

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The Environmental Profile of Platinum Group

Power consumption during mining and ore beneficiation has been identified as the major impact (72%) of the production of pgms on the environment; these two energy intensive processes precede the final separation of metals during refining, thereby producing not only platinum, palladium and rhodium but also several other base metal products such as nickel, copper and cobalt, and other precious metal

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[PDF] The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM

The environmental costs could therefore expected to be more significant than gold mining - in contrast to the uses for PGMs in many environmentally focussed technologies. The global production of PGMs is dominated by South Africa due to their large economic PGM resources in the Bushveld Complex, while other countries play a minor but important ...

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The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining: An ...

additional 81,000 t PGMs in the reserve base category – about 88% is in South Africa, with 8% in Russia. Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing There are broadly considered to be four main types of economic PGM mineral deposits [4]: • Norite intrusions – where meteoritic impact has been instrumental in PGM emplacement; eg.

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Health and environmental impacts of gold and platinum ...

Dust, water pollution Smelting and refining Recovering platinum from concentrate Air pollution (dust, sulphur dioxide). Energy consumption (electric arc furnace, electrowinning) The main environmental impacts of platinum mining. Solid waste – tailings dams and

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South Africa: How Mining Damages Communities

27-08-2018  The South African Human Rights Commission has released a scathing report on the damage mining in the country is posing to human rights. The conclusion paints a dark picture: "[T]he mining

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Platinum and Gold Mining in South Africa: The

30-12-2015  Interviews and observations on field visits to the platinum and gold mining areas of South Africa in the immediate aftermath of the Marikana massacre highlight this legacy—including vast quantities of tailings dumps and waste rock, lakes of polluted water and a devastated physical and social environment, high unemployment, high rates of occupational injury and disease including silicosis with co-morbidities, absent social security

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human

This Harvard report was just recently released in October, 2016 and is extremely in depth on the issues of the serious effects of mining on the environment and human health. Destruction and poison linger. Bad mining practices can ignite coal fires, which can burn for decades, release fly ash and smoke laden with greenhouse gasses and toxic chemicals.

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What plans does Sibanye-Stillwater have for its

19-02-2021  In addition, the company saw a 7% (5.8 Moz) increase in 2E PGM Mineral Resources, with additional Mineral Reserves of 0.8M 2E PGM ounces defined at East Boulder Mine replacing combined depletion of 0.7M 2Eoz during 2020. Read more articles about the impact of COVID-19 on mining

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Environmental Impacts - Diamond mining in South

This has had colossal effects on the environment. Mining in Angola, South-West Africa, has also lead to deforestation and local populations to relocate. This deforestation is a direct impact of mining as they need to clear the trees out of the way this is very unsustainable and it is not good for the future.

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The environmental costs of platinum–PGM

01-04-2010  At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ∼88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

More

[PDF] The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM

The environmental costs could therefore expected to be more significant than gold mining - in contrast to the uses for PGMs in many environmentally focussed technologies. The global production of PGMs is dominated by South Africa due to their large economic PGM resources in the Bushveld Complex, while other countries play a minor but important ...

More

Environmental Impacts Assessment of the Cleaning of Plant ...

Platinum Group Metals, Plant Off-gas Cleaning Process, Life Cycle Inventory Assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment. 1. Introduction The South African Bushveld complex is the largest economic potential of platinum group metals resources (PGM) ever discovered in the world estimated at about 80% of the world’s reserves.

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Platinum and Gold Mining in South Africa: The

30-12-2015  Mining is a source of extraordinary wealth, but its benefits often do not accrue to the workers and communities most involved. This paper presents two case studies of mining in South Africa to reflect on the history and legacy of mining both through observation and through the voices of affected communities.

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Platinum Mining in South Africa - ProjectsIQ

Platinum mining in South Africa, or mining for Platinum Group Metals (PGM), is widespread on the African continent, and South Africa holds over 80% of the world’s reserves. For investors interested in the PGM sector in Africa, South Africa seems to be the logical starting point.

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impact of phosphate mining on the enviroment

impact of phosphate mining on the environment in south africa. The major impact of phosphate industry on south africa economy mining south africa export, issues, system, since the late th century, south africas economy has been based on the one of the largest and most diverse mineral producers, south africa was the largest asbestos, dimension stone, fluorspar,

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What plans does Sibanye-Stillwater have for its

19-02-2021  In addition, the company saw a 7% (5.8 Moz) increase in 2E PGM Mineral Resources, with additional Mineral Reserves of 0.8M 2E PGM ounces defined at East Boulder Mine replacing combined depletion of 0.7M 2Eoz during 2020. Read more articles about the impact of COVID-19 on mining

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Environmental Impacts Assessment of the Cleaning of Plant ...

LTD, South Africa. Junior Mabiza and Charles Mbohwa . University of Johannesburg . ... environmental impact assessment on ... 2.1 Mining An average concentration of PGM of about five grams (5g) can be found in one metric ton (1,000kg) of mined ore

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SA PGM operations Sibanye-Stillwater

19-02-2021  Our Southern Africa PGM operations consist of underground mining operations and surface sources and concentrators in South Africa at Kroondal, Rustenburg and our recently acquired operations at Marikana, and in Zimbabwe at

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OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING - Anglo American Platinum

World PGM reserves total about 3,200 M oz (c. 200 years at the current rate of production), and are found in relatively few areas of the world; South Africa (88%), Russia (8%), North America (2%), Zimbabwe (1%) and Rest of World (1%) South Africa (SA) is the source of over 60% of newly mined PGMs and over 80% of Platinum. PGM mining in

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The environmental costs of platinum–PGM

South African PGM reserves are estimated to be 71,000 tonnes whilst the global reserves are estimated to be ... present qn extensive comparison of the environmental impact of platinum mining, ...

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Environmental Impacts Assessment of the Cleaning of Plant ...

emissions in the entire process of mining platinum metals in South Africa. Airborne SO 2 emissions have become lately a subject of concern in the production of PGM that are considered contributing in the reduction of emissions of carbon through renewable and clean energy technologies. SO 2 emissions are measured in terms of tons per day in

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An overview of Southern African PGM smelting

An overview of Southern African PGM smelting R.T. Jones Mintek Private Bag X3015, Randburg, 2125, South Africa ABSTRACT The largest known platinum group metal (PGM) deposit in the world is the Bushveld Complex in South Africa, with the Great Dyke in Zimbabwe also being one of the biggest.

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impact of phosphate mining on the enviroment in

impact of phosphate mining on the environment in south africa. The major impact of phosphate industry on south africa economy mining south africa export, issues, system, since the late th century, south africas economy has been based on the one of the largest and most diverse mineral producers, south africa was the largest asbestos, dimension stone, fluorspar, lime, limestone, phosphate rock ...

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impact of mining activities in South Africa S. Chevrel ...

South Africa, a major mining country, suffers dramatic environmental problems related to mining activities, particularly soil water pollution by sediments and water from the gold extraction plants and tailings dams. BRGM and the Council for Geoscience have undertaken a joint research project into the use of Geographic Information Systems for assessing the environmental impact of mining.

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SA PGM operations Sibanye-Stillwater

19-02-2021  Our Southern Africa PGM operations consist of underground mining operations and surface sources and concentrators in South Africa at Kroondal, Rustenburg and our recently acquired operations at Marikana, and in Zimbabwe at Mimosa (a 50% joint venture with Impala Platinum).

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What plans does Sibanye-Stillwater have for its

19-02-2021  In addition, the company saw a 7% (5.8 Moz) increase in 2E PGM Mineral Resources, with additional Mineral Reserves of 0.8M 2E PGM ounces defined at East Boulder Mine replacing combined depletion of 0.7M 2Eoz during 2020. Read more articles about the impact of COVID-19 on mining

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Mining in South Africa Mining of mineral

Examples of underground mining in South Africa are mining for diamonds, gold and sometimes the platinum group metals (PGM). The PGMs are six transition metals usually found together in ore. They are ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir) and platinum (Pt).

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THE IMPACT OF MINING ON THE SOUTH

As one of South Africa's leading economic historians, Hobart Houghton noted, South African mining has always been an epic of applied science. Professor Chris Barnard put South African surgery on the global map with the world's first heart transplant in 1967, but South African mining engineering had long since already been on that map.

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An Overview of Producer Services in the Mining Industry in ...

the South African mining sector sets the stage for our analysis of producer services, which occurs in chapters two and three, with analyses of firm structure and operational organisation . 1.2 A Brief History of the Sector In South Africa, Western mining practices began in the copper mines of Springbok and the Northern Cape in 18522.

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The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on South

In this review I focus on the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had, and continues to have, on the supply of PGMs from the South African mining industry. In this conversation, I assess the impact of the fall in South African PGM supply on global

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The environmental costs of platinum–PGM

South African PGM reserves are estimated to be 71,000 tonnes whilst the global reserves are estimated to be ... present qn extensive comparison of the environmental impact of platinum mining, ...

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impact of phosphate mining on the enviroment in

impact of phosphate mining on the environment in south africa. The major impact of phosphate industry on south africa economy mining south africa export, issues, system, since the late th century, south africas economy has been based on the one of the largest and most diverse mineral producers, south africa was the largest asbestos, dimension stone, fluorspar, lime, limestone, phosphate rock ...

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Keynote Address: Strategic implications for the platinum ...

The impact of South African mine nationalization on the PGM industry There is much speculation as to the kind of damage such a nationalization in South Africa could do to the global mining industry: the loss of the reserve base, in particular for PGMs, would cripple the market, sending metal prices sharply upwards and ultimately forcing end ...

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SA PGM operations Sibanye-Stillwater

19-02-2021  Our Southern Africa PGM operations consist of underground mining operations and surface sources and concentrators in South Africa at Kroondal, Rustenburg and our recently acquired operations at Marikana, and in Zimbabwe at Mimosa (a 50% joint venture with Impala Platinum).

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Environmental Affairs REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

Environmental Affairs REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA RISK MANAGEME:NT PLAN IN TERMS OF REGULATION 10 OF WASTE EXCLUSION REGULATIONS -APPLICANT Anglo American Platinum-Rustenburg Platinum Mines Limited SOURCE(S) OF WASTE Slag generated in the Smelter by the pyro-metallurgical processing, of PGM Concentrates from a variety of Anglo

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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

Coal mining in South Africa It was mining that gave South Africa its current shape through processes from the 1880s to 1910. Gold mining took centre stage early, both because of its importance for the British and thus global monetary system and the profits to be made. Cheap

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An Overview of Producer Services in the Mining Industry in ...

the South African mining sector sets the stage for our analysis of producer services, which occurs in chapters two and three, with analyses of firm structure and operational organisation . 1.2 A Brief History of the Sector In South Africa, Western mining practices began in the copper mines of Springbok and the Northern Cape in 18522.

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MiningWeekly Mining Sector Platinum

By: Simone Liedtke 5th February 2021 Demonstrating that modernisation in South Africa is possible will attract new investment and offer opportunities for the mining industry, while simultaneously ...

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The impact of mining on agricultural land –

Immense impact. Mining is a reality in South Africa, and it cannot be wished away. But the impact a mine has on a farm or a community is so great that this cannot be overlooked either. Janse says the impact of mining on a farming community can be enormous. “Even if the mine is on the neighbouring farm, it may have an impact on your farm.

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